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Election Monitoring Report (3)




Civic space in Kenya continues to be under pressure with a range of actions employed against the work of Human Rights Defenders and Civil Society organizations in Kenya. Administrative action, legislative restrictions, negative rhetoric and limitation of human rights have undermined the Constitutional and international protections available to them hindering the realization of human rights and especially in the setting of an electoral period during the 2017 elections

It is against this backdrop that the Working Group on Human Rights Defenders in Kenya, that comprise of CSOs and development partners in Kenya, concerned with the protection of human rights defenders hold the 2017 Human Rights Defenders Awards. The HRD awards endeavour to publicly recognise the work of HRDs in Kenya through a HRD award ceremony. This will take place on 29th November 2017 – International Women Human Rights Defenders Day. There will be awards in three categories: The Munir Mazrui Lifetime Achievement Award, the HRD of the year award and the award for young and upcoming HRDs.


The objectives of this award is to:

  1. Honour the extra ordinary work of HRDs in the promotion and protection of human rights, profiling the work of HRDs and challenges they face as agents of social change and transformation.
  2. Enhance the safety and protection of all HRDs in Kenya
  3. Recognise and appreciate the human rights work of young and upcoming HRDs in Kenya and support talent.


  • Nomination: The Working Group on Human Rights Defenders in Kenya will develop a call for nominations which will be widely circulated by NCHRD-K and other partners. This call will outline the criteria for eligibility for nomination.
  • Shortlisting: A panel will shortlist ten individuals within the set out guidelines for shortlisting candidates.
  • Verification: The panel will then verify the HRDs human rights work through a field visits and interviews with those who work with the HRDs.
  • Judging: The judging panel, which will comprise eminent individuals in the human rights sector, will make a final decision, from the names submitted, who the recipient of the awards will be.
  • Award ceremony: will be held on the 29th November 2017 (International Women HRD Day) and will see the presence of representatives from the missions, CSOs, government, select HRDs and the media who will cover the event.


The following will be taken into consideration:

  • Grassroots based HRD
  • Demonstrable impact of the HRDs human rights work to the community
  • The role of the HRD in promoting human rights
  • ‘Civil courage’ of the HRD in his/her human rights work
  • Demonstrated leadership, innovation and creativity in his/her human rights work
  • Contribution to development of a human rights based approach within his/her county in regards to the thematic area of focus
  • Future goals and likely impact
  • Degree of difficulty of the achievement and sacrifices made
  • Visibility derived from award to enhance work of HRD to promote human rights and active citizenship
  • The HRD should have a link to the community and his/her work should have built or working towards building a movement.
  • The HRD should be a seasoned or upcoming in the human rights field.


Three awards will be presented to the overall winners, Munir Mazrui lifetime achievement award, HRD of the year and an upcoming HRD.

Munir Mazrui lifetime achievement award winner will receive:

  • Cash award of $ 1,000
  • A plaque with the HRDs name on it
  • Will be the guest at the HRD award ceremony 2018

HRD award of the year winner will receive:

  • Cash reward of $1,000
  • A plaque with the HRDs name on it
  • Will be the guest at the HRD award ceremony 2018

The Upcoming HRD will receive:

  • Cash reward of $1,000
  • A plaque with the HRDs name on it
  • Will be the guest at the HRD award ceremony 2018

The NCHRD-K therefore calls for nominations for Human Rights Defenders Award 2017.

All nomination forms should be sent back to the NCHRD-K via with a clear subject line “HRD AWARD NOMINATION” by 27 October 2017 at 12.00 pm

Download the nomination Form here: HRD AWARDS 2017 NOMINATION FORM










Code of Conduct for Election Monitors and Observers

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HRDs Award 2016

HRD award 2016

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The State of Surveillance in Kenya is the result of an ongoing collaboration by Privacy International and National Coalition of Human Rights Defenders – Kenya.

Right to Privacy

The constitution

Article 31 of the Constitution specifically protects the right to privacy. It states:

“Every person has the right to privacy, which includes the right not to have—

(a) their person, home or property searched;
(b) their possessions seized;
(c) information relating to their family or private affairs unnecessarily required or revealed; or
(d) the privacy of their communications infringed.”

Furthermore, Article 2 of Kenya’s Constitution states that Kenya’s international obligations, such as its commitment to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which include privacy rights, are part of Kenyan domestic law. It states:

“(5) The general rules of international law shall form part of the law of Kenya.

(6) Any treaty or convention ratified by Kenya shall form part of the law of Kenya under this Constitution.”

Regional and international conventions

Kenya is a signatory to or has ratified a number of international conventions with privacy implications, including:

Communication Surveillance


The Communications Authority of Kenya (CA) collects statistics on the communications sector. Mobile penetration was recorded at 83.9% in June 2015, with 36.1 million mobile subscriptions. There were an estimated 29.6 million internet users in Kenya in June 2015, with 69% of the population having access to the internet, according to the CA.

Social media is widely used in Kenya. According to a June 2015 report by the Bloggers Association of Kenya (BAKE), social media platforms such as blogs, Twitter and Facebook have “become an effective tool through which Kenyans can write on topics of interest to them as well as exercise their freedom to free speech.”

Popular platforms include Twitter and Facebook. Facebook had 4 million Kenyan users in June 2015. Kenya had over 700,000 confirmed monthly active users on Twitter, the majority of which accessed Twitter on a daily basis.


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