UN Declaration on HRDs Posted September 8, 2016 by NCHRD-K

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HRDs suffer judicial prosecutions in their quest to fight Violations like land grabbing. Video Courtsey of John Allan Namu/Africa Uncensored

The following two articles are part of UN Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

Article 9

  1. 1. In the exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the promotion and protection of human rights as referred to in the present Declaration, everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to benefit from an effective remedy and to be protected in the event of the violation of those rights.
  1. 2. To this end, everyone whose rights or freedoms are allegedly violated has the right, either in person or through legally authorized representation, to complain to and have that complaint  promptly reviewed in a public hearing before an independent, impartial and competent judicial or other authority established by law and to obtain from such an authority a decision, in accordance with law, providing redress, including any compensation  due,  where  there  has  been  a  violation  of  that  person’s  rights  or  freedoms,  as  well  as enforcement of the eventual decision and award, all without undue delay.

  1. 3. To the same end, everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, inter alia:

(a)   To complain about the policies and actions of individual officials and governmental bodies with regard to violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms, by petition or other appropriate means, to competent  domestic  judicial,  administrative  or  legislative  authorities  or  any  other  competent  authority provided for by the legal system of the State, which should render their decision on the complaint without undue delay;

(b)   To attend public hearings, proceedings and trials so as to form an opinion on their compliance with national law and applicable international obligations and commitments;

(c)   To  offer  and  provide  professionally  qualified  legal  assistance  or  other  relevant  advice  and assistance in defending human rights and fundamental freedoms.

  1. 4. To the same end, and in accordance with applicable international instruments and procedures, everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to unhindered access to and communication with international bodies with general or special competence to receive and consider communications on matters of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  1. 5. The State shall conduct  a prompt  and impartial  investigation  or ensure that  an inquiry takes  place whenever there is reasonable ground to believe that a violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms has occurred in any territory under its jurisdict

Article 12

  1. 1. Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to participate in peaceful activities against violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  1. 2. The State shall take all necessary measures  to ensure the protection by the competent  authorities  of everyone, individually and in association with others, against any violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure or any other arbitrary action as a consequence of his or her legitimate exercise of the rights referred to in the present Declarat
  1. 3. In this  connection,  everyone is entitled,  individually  and in association  with others, to be protected effectively under national law in reacting against or opposing, through peaceful means, activities and acts, including those by omission, attributable to States that result in violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as acts of violence perpetrated by groups or individuals that affect the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

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